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Martin Gorshkov
Martin Gorshkov

Junior Wushu Competition Routines

The World Junior Wushu Championships (WJWC) is an international wushu competition organized by the International Wushu Federation (IWUF) for competitors below 18 years of age. There are three age groups for the Taolu events and there is also a Sanda category.[1]

junior wushu competition routines

Wushu events are performed using compulsory or individual routines or taolu (套路) in competition. Throughout the 1990s until 2005 for international competitions, athletes competed with routines that were choreographed by IWUF assigned coaches or athletes. In November 2003, a major revision in the taolu competition rules occurred: deduction content was standardized, judges roles were organized and expanded, and the degree of difficulty component, also known as nandu (難度; difficulty movements), was added. This category is worth 2 points of the 10 total. The quality of movements category is worth 5 points, and the overall performance category is worth 3 points. These changes were first implemented at the 2005 World Wushu Championships, and individual routines have become standard where an athlete creates a routine with the aid of his/her coach, while following certain rules for difficulty and technical requirements.[8] Only the age group C and B athletes at the World Junior Wushu Championships still compete with compulsory routines at an international level. All junior events including group A athletes (which compete with individual routines), all traditional events, and all non-standard taolu events (ie. shuangdao, baguazhang etc.), are judged without the degree of difficulty component.

In addition to events for individual routines, some wushu competitions also feature dual and group events. The dual event, also called duilian (对练), is an event in which there is some form of sparring with weapons or without weapons. The group event, also known as jiti (集體), requires a group of people to perform together and smooth synchronization of actions is crucial. Usually, the group event also allows instrumental music to accompany the choreography during the performance. The carpet used for the group event is also larger than the one used for individual routines. The 2019 World Wushu Championships was the first international wushu competition to feature such an event.

The majority of routines used in the sport are new, modernized recompilations of traditional routines. However, routines taken directly from traditional styles, including the styles that are not part of standard events, may be performed in competition, especially in China. Many of these styles though are events in the World Kung Fu Championships, another IWUF-run event which is exclusively for traditional styles of wushu. The more commonly seen routines include:

The other major discipline of contemporary Chinese Wushu is 散打 Sǎndǎ, or 运动散打 (Yùndòng Sǎndǎ, Sport Free-Fighting), or 竞争散打 (Jìngzhēng Sàndǎ, Competitive Free-Fighting) meaning: A modern fighting method, sport, and applicable component of Wushu / Kung Fu influenced by traditional Chinese boxing, of which takedowns and throws are legal in competition, as well as all other sorts of striking (use of arms and legs). Chinese wrestling methods called Shuai Jiao and other Chinese grappling techniques such as Chin Na. It has all the combat aspects of wushu.

Chinese martial artists also compete in non-Chinese or mixed combat sports, including Boxing, Kickboxing and Mixed Martial Arts. Sanda is practised in tournaments and is normally held alongside taolu events in wushu competition. For safety reasons, some techniques from the self-defense form such as elbow strikes, chokes, and joint locks, are not allowed during tournaments. Competitors can win by knockout or points which are earned by landing strikes to the body or head, throwing an opponent, or when competition is held on a raised lei tai platform, pushing them off the platform. Fighters are only allowed to clinch for a few seconds. If the clinch is not broken by the fighters, and if neither succeeds in throwing his opponent within the time limit, the referee will break the clinch. In the U.S., competitions are held either in boxing rings or on the raised lei tai platform. Amateur fighters wear protective gear.

Some Sanda fighters have participated in fighting tournaments such as K-1, Muay Thai, boxing and Shoot Boxing. They have had some degree of success, especially in Shoot Boxing competitions, which is more similar to Sanda. Due to the rules of kickboxing competition, Sanda fighters are subjected to more limitations than usual. Also notable competitors in China's mainstream Mixed Martial Arts competitions, Art of War Fighting Championship and Ranik Ultimate Fighting Federation are dominantly of wushu background. Sanda has been featured in many style-versus-style competitions. Muay Thai is frequently pitted against Sanda as is karate, kickboxing, and Tae Kwon Do. Although it is less common, some Sanda practitioners have also fought in the publicly viewed American Mixed Martial Arts competitions.

The World Games 2022 will feature Talou, which refers to the set routine (form) practice component of wushu. Taolu routines comprise of a continuously connected set of pre-determined techniques, choreographed according to certain principles and philosophies which incorporate techniques and stylistic principles of attack and defense. These include hand techniques, leg techniques, jumps, sweeps, stances & footwork, seizing, throwing & wrestling, balances etc. The main talou events are:

Sanda and Taolu are two categories of competitive wushu. Sanda is a fighting system developed by the Chinese military and based on traditional kung fu and modern combat techniques while Taolu refers to choreographed set routines of movements.

Throughout the school, there are international athletic champions and ninja athletes sitting in classrooms and eating in the cafeteria. A lesser-known sport in America, wushu is a Chinese martial art and form of kung fu. Similar to gymnastics, wushu athletes practice forms and routines often consisting of jumps and kicks, such as aerials or backflips.

Holding a spear in his hands, he slices through the air before gracefully leaping to the other side of the room. After school, sophomore Ethan Niu can usually be found practicing a variety of stances and acrobatic movements, which are all aspects of wushu. He has been practicing wushu for nine years of his life and is a member of the Niu Academy competition team as well as the national team for traditional wushu.

In the western world, contemporary Nan Quan forms are the forms of choice at kung fu tournaments and Chinese martial arts competitions. In Australia and throughout the world, there are now National Wushu Championships that offer modern and traditional forms, divided into male, female, adult and junior divisions.

From 16 to 20 October 2004, the IWUF organized the 1st World Traditional Wushu Festival in Zhengzhou, China. More than 2000 participants from 62 countries and regions participated in the event. 1282 competitors from 127 teams took part in the competition. 395 competitors from 39 countries and regions won the 1st prize. The Festival was a great success. The successful organization of the Festival exhibited the glamour of wushu to the world. The Secretariat informed the IOC and GAISF immediately after the conclusion of the Festival.

This paper combines the popular neural network technology to propose a novel additional momentum-elastic gradient descent based on the above observations. The BP neural network adapts to the learning rate. The algorithm is improved for the traditional BP neural network, such as selecting learning step length, the difficulty of determining the size and direction of the weight, and the learning rate is not easy to control. The experimental results show that this paper's algorithm has improved both network scale and running time and can predict martial arts competition routines and formulate scientific strategies. 041b061a72


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